Glass and its’ production process have a major role in industry. The main raniz industries group’s activities in this field include:

Tin substrate (to cool molten glass with a definite thickness)


Additives: Na and K carbonate and silicate

Stabilizers: Oxides of Ba, Mg, Ca, Pb, and Zn

Physical refinement (remove large bulbs): sodium sulphate,

sodium chlorate

Chemical refinement (remove tiny bulbs): arsenic, antimony

Other additives: AgNO3, borax, NaNO3, MnO, PbO, NH4HCO3, mercury, Silver oxide, phosphate, cobalt and cadmium oxide, Cerium oxide, boron oxide, acids: hydrochloric, phosphoric, sulfuric, hydrofluoric